Of course, if you want him to get a lot of his food from eating grass, the pasture must be larger.
If your miniature horse has access to pasture and is overweight, make sure he/she wears a grazing
muzzle to decrease the chance of overeating grass. Also, most horses, including miniatures, should
have limited access to early spring pastures to avoid laminitis.
Hay or grass forage is the most important ingredient in a horse’s diet. Every horse needs at least 1
percent of its body weight or 50 percent of total intake in good quality grass or forage. Use a
weight tape to estimate your horse’s weight or weigh the animal on a livestock scale.
If you cannot provide enough grass for your miniature horse to eat, you may purchase a grass/alalfa
mix at a feed store.
An average miniature horse weighs 200 pounds and should receive at least 2 to 4 pounds of grass a
day. Look for a fine, soft, leafy grass or hay rather than a coarse, mature hay.
Feed at least one-third to one-half of a flake of a good quality grass or alfalfa-grass mixed hay
twice a day. Flakes of hay can vary greatly by thickness; a normal flake should be 1½ to 2 inches
When dividing the flake of hay, put it over the horse’s feed pan so that any chaff will fall into the
feed pan. This chaff is high in protein and is desirable in the feeding program. Finally, when feeding
miniature horses, avoid placing the feed directly on the ground — excessive intake of sand or dirt
may cause colic.
What grasses are best to plant in my pasture and how big should it be?
Each miniature horse does well on 1/4 acre per animal.
Special Note: pregnant and lactating mares need additional supplements and amounts of feed.
See Breeding and Gestation
Pasture grasses generally can grow in most temperatures, but they grow best in temperatures that
suit the specific strains of grass.
Cool season grasses grow best at 60 to 80 degree temperatures and include: orchard grass,
Kentucky bluegrass, timothy, and brome.
Pasture grasses that grow best in warm seasons over 70 degrees include: bluestem, bahia grass,
What mixture of seed should I use in my pasture?
For pastures that have good drainage you can plant a mix of seed at:
2 lbs. Kentucky bluegrass, 8 lbs. alfalfa and 3 lbs. orchard grass per acre.
If you soil does not drain well plant a mix of seed at:
6 lbs. orchard grass, 1/2 lbs. clover (not the poisonous alsike clover), and 2 lbs. Kentucky bluegrass